Indo-Nepal border dispute in focus again

The recently concluded convention of Nepal’s ruling Maoists — Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) — would mostly be remembered for the party’s strategic policy shift of discarding the path of protracted peoples’ war to adopting capitalist revolution.

It would also be remembered in lesser measure for party chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal Prachanda’s attempt at using referendum as a tool to resolve Nepal’s long standing border dispute with India.

The proposal presented at the convention by Prachanda in his political document was later removed after it met with opposition and ridicule from within the party and outside.

Many felt it was illogical to suggest resolution of border disputes through such a method since it required government to government level negotiations between both countries.

Few others compared Prachanda with Kazi Lhendup Dorjee — a key figure in Sikkim’s 1975 union with India following a referendum abolishing monarchy and approving the merger.

Sensing the mistake Prachanda decided to do away with the suggestion and instead included “revoking unequal treaties and agreements signed in the past” with India in his document.

Border dispute between both countries sprung up after India’s independence following discontinuation of annual inspection of border areas by a team comprising officials from India and Nepal to detect encroachment, missing pillars and territories unclearly defined.

To address the issue and clearly demarcate the border, a Joint Technical Committee was set up in 1981. It took more than two decades of work to mark out 98 percent of the border on strip maps. The maps were signed by experts of both nations in 2007.

The two most disputed areas, Kalapani and Susta, were however not covered by the JTC as it was felt that problems specific to these pockets can be addressed only through high-level negotiations.

Although more than five years have passed since signing of the strip maps, Nepal is yet to give consent on formalizing them. And unless that happen demarcation of the boundary on the ground can’t take place.

Nepal’s political instability is one reason why the task remains incomplete. But some experts in Kathmandu also question the methods used to delineate the border and claim Nepal lost more than a thousand hectares to India in the process.

There is also the view that Kalapani and Susta are not the only remaining areas of dispute and that both countries need to renegotiate problems at more than 60 different points along the nearly 1,800-km long border.

But unlike Prachanda’s proposal, these issues can’t be addressed by a referendum in one country and both countries need to adopt a pro-active approach to resolve the border dispute before they spiral out of control and affect bilateral relations.

Comments

4 Responses to “Indo-Nepal border dispute in focus again”
  1. Shoeb says:

    Don’t mean to be picky but does “are” rhyme with “care”?
    Good one though!

    [Reply]

  2. Anonymous says:

    Wows ..And i will say R is for Rupee Symbol as their is corruption in designing Rupee Symbol too http://www.saveindianrupeesymbol.org

    [Reply]

  3. VAMSI KRISHNA says:

    y z it that every catalytic thing in the society is somehow made related to politics and their outcomes; when politics never shows its true outcome for the society????

    [Reply]

  4. Dirgha Raj Prasai says:

    In Nepal,the Maoists are using their agendas and are opening a ‘Pandora’s Box’- a one-party communist anarchism. Maoist leaders Baburam Bhattarai and Prachand both are criminals. Now, they are using Indians for the sake of anarchism. Actually, Maoist’s have got fizzle out in their political behaviors. Being the open border between Nepal and India, there may be some problems. We should try to solve such problems but not the referendum. The Maoists are guilty minded and culprit force. So, it is my request, their statement and talking are useless for discussion.
    Cordial people to people level relations between Nepal and India has existed since ancient times. We have to keep friendly relations with India due to our similar cultural and religious traditions. But sadly Indian congress, ever since coming to power has been striving to destabilize Nepal. India, through its intelligence agency ‘RAW’, has been found continuously involved in destabilizing our national identities – royal institution, Hindu Kingdom and national language, which were developed along with the ideology of national unity, security and national identity. RAW through its agents in the Nepali Congress, UML and Maoist parties is now pressing for autonomous federal states on communal basis.
    The Nepali nationalism is blooming and the aroma of Nepali culture has permeated worldwide. Our nation is small, in spite of that; it is a home to various castes. Nepal, decorated with natural and cultural uniqueness, is the symbol of joint effort between the King and his people on nation building. Our nationalism cannot be safeguarded if any of the castes or the royal institution is suppressed. Nepal has adopted common culture as nationalism through agreement among various castes. The Nepalese culture is a creation of Hindu, Vedic and Buddhism entities. Our culture is the best in term of tolerance.
    I am sorry to write that it was a great blunder of Indian diplomats- Shyam Saran- former Indian ambassador and former foreign Secretary of India, who is widely credited with bringing the present instability in Nepal and Sive Shankar Mukharejee and former foreign minister, KB Rajan- former Indian ambassador, Rakesh Sood-present ambassador, Prof.SD Muni (RAW strategist) and other officials including the present envoy Jayanta Prasad who not only blundered in their assessment of Maoist but also did much harm to Indian’s interests in Nepal. Among the diplomats, Shyam Saran is a very ambitious diplomat who could not calculate the good result. Now, the Nepalese Maoists, RIM and COMPOSA have been joining the hands for one-party Communism.
    Due to the blunder of the culprit Nepalese leaders and the Indian diplomats, nationality and democracy of the both country is in danger position. I think, due to the Indian Maoist (Naksalite) Indian security force is becoming weak day by day. An analyst Bharat Verma points-’New Delhi and the state capitals have almost ceded the governmental control over 40 percent of the Union’s territory to the Naxalites. The Naxals’ are aided and abetted by the crime mafia that runs its operations in the same corridor from Nepal to Andhra Pradesh, as well as Maoists of Nepal who in turn receive covert support from other powers engaged/ interested in destabilizing India. The nexus between ULFA and Maoists in Nepal is well established. In a recent attack in Chhattisgarh, Maoists of India and Nepal were co-participants. There are also reports to suggest that Indian Maoists are increasingly taking to opium cultivation in areas under their control to finance their activities. The Maoists – crime – drug nexus is rather explosive.’
    In such condition, what is the answer of Indian politicians and diplomats? The Nepalese and Indian people’s position is in danger. Without analyzing the assumption, why the Indian leaders supported the Nepalese Maoist’s hypocrisy? ‘Crows are never the white for washing.’
    Thank you

    Dirgha Raj Prasai
    Kathmandu

    [Reply]

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